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5 Must Know Painting Techniques for Beginners

by Emma Willson

Painting is an excellent medium of expression. Painters today are showing much more effort and employing various techniques to suit their style. These techniques have manifested from years of personalized use or referenced from the works of notable artists. 

 

You can pursue painting not just as a hobby or interest but as a full-time profession these days. The vast knowledge about the painting works has developed into a full-fledged science in itself. People who want to foray into the world of painting must learn a few basic techniques before progressing in this artistic world.

 

Since acrylic paintings are a relatively better medium for beginners to understand and get into painting, here are some techniques that you can deploy while painting with acrylic paints.

1. Stippling

Stippling is essentially a drawing method but also suitable for painting. It involves a lot of dots on the surface, which the painter later tries to gather. The assembling of these various dots then forms an image. With the help of these dots, it creates imagery in the most effective way possible and, at the same time, can show a lot of texture. These dots not only add texture to the painting but also beautify its aesthetic appeal. 

Stippling is the perfect way to achieve the right tonal balance and create a compelling scene with subtle variations in shades and hues. Most notable amongst the modern painters, inspiration from Georges Seurat’s works, can create Stippling technique paintings.

 

2. Dry Brushing

It is one of the most famous painting methods that depend on the medium painters’ viscosity. This technique includes oil painting, watercolors, and also acrylic paintings. While the brush is a bit damp, the color texture is thicker when compared to normal. 

You can apply paint to the canvas or any work surface using a range of different ways. But when you do it with a dry brush without diluting the paint with water, you will see a more robust color tone on the page. It is incredibly significant to produce bolder images and artistic impressions. 

One significant challenge is that the lines will be relatively uneven despite the stronger current of color created on the page. You can easily spin this around in your favor by using this challenge as an intended effect within your painting. Using a dry brushing technique is significantly easier to learn and lends a lot of texture and movement.

 

3. Washing

Contrary to the technique in Dry Brushing, Washing involves more usage of water. In this technique, the painter treats the acrylic paint as a watercolor after diluting it with enough water. They use the paint differently, like applying on the surface of your canvas certain specific translucent washes. Unlike watercolor, acrylic paint tends to set and apply relatively quickly and is also a more comfortable mode to clean. With the help of washing and drying colors, you can create a range of compelling images.

By hybridizing Washing and Dry brush techniques, you can apply greater effects and texture to the painting. This makes your work relatively better and provides more pronounced undertones of subtle effects and changing colors and shades.

 

4. Layering

Layering is one of the most famous painting techniques, which both beginners and professionals use alike. They can combine this method with other techniques such as Glazing or Underpainting. It tends to create a more pronounced effect on the painting or the image as the painters paint the portrait in layers. This means that the painting is built from the bottom all the way upwards. First, you have to start by making and painting more giant color blocks. 

Then paint these blocks of colors as washes. Subsequently, add more refinement with the addition of each layer. The technique is famous for a range of paintings such as self-portraits and other artworks.

 

5. Palette Knife

Palette Knife is a common technique that some of the most noteworthy neomodern artists employ. It makes your painting seem incredibly “artsy.” Although applying paint with a palette knife instead of a paintbrush can seem highly advanced and very intimidating for beginners who are just starting, it is not that tough. 

The technique involves applying paint with a palette knife without using the brush and making it seem like professional artistic work. In reality, it is easier to learn and to apply to your various paintings and other such works of art as if using buttercream to toast.

 

Conclusion

Apart from the techniques mentioned above, there are many different ways like flicking, fabbing, detailing, etc. So, you have to learn all of them if you want to make it big in this realm. Keep in mind that learning a technique and mastering it are not all the same. They usually involve a lot of patience and dedication and, above all – practice.

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